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Shenyang F-6/FT-6 Farmer

Country of Origin: Russia and China
Type: Interceptor/ground attak fighter
Powerplants: Two 24.5kN (5730lb) dry and 31.9kN (7165lb) with after burning Liming Wopen-6 turbojets.
Performance: Max speed Mach 1.45 or 1540km/h (831kt), cruising speed 950km/h (512kt). Max initial rate of climb over 30,000ft/min. Service ceiling at 58,725ft. Combat radius with external fuel 685km 730nm). Normal range 1390km (750nm), ferry range with external fuel 2200km (1187nm).
Weights: Empty approx 5760kg (12,700lb), max takeoff 10,000kg (22,045lb).
Accommodations: Pilot only except two in tandem in FT-6.
Armament: Three 30mm NR-30 cannons (one in each wing root and one in lower forward fuselage). Four underwing hardpoints for 500kg (1100lb) of external ordnance including AAMs (Sidewinders on Pakistani F-6s), rockets and bombs.
Operators: Albania, Bangladesh, China, Egypt, North Korea, Pakistan, Tanzania, Zambia.
History: The Shenyang F-6 is a Chinese built development of the 1950s Mig-19 and numerically is still the most important combat aircraft in the Chinese military.

The Mig-19 (NATO reporting name 'Farmer') was designed as an interceptor and flew for the first time on January 5 1954. Capable of supersonic speeds in level flight, 2500 were built (including in Czechoslovakia) in several varients including the radar equiped Mig-19P. It was exported widely and all are belived to have been retired from service (except perhaps Cuba).

China selected the Mig-19 for licence manufacture in the late 1950s. Russia supplied production diagrams for the Mig-19P to the Shenyang Aircraft Factory and the first Chinese assembled Mig-19 flew for the first time on December 17 1958, while the first Chinese built Mig-19 flew the following September.

Shenyang and intially Nanchang were assigned to build the Mig-19. However, China's political and cultural instability during much of the 1960s meant that the production was sporadic and quality often poor. From the 1970s, stability returned and new Chinese developments appeared, foremost being the JJ-6 tandem seat trainer. The F-6and FT-6 were exported widely and production lasted into the 1980s with total production estimated at 3000.

PAF Squadrons:
  • No. 16 'Black Panthers' Squadron
  • No. 17 Squadron
  • No. 23 Squadron
  • No. 26 'Black Spiders' Squadron